For the purposes of this document, a “child” is defined as anyone under the age of 18, in line with the Constitution of United Republic of Tanzania and UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
According to the World Health Organisation, “Child abuse” or “maltreatment” constitutes ‘all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.’
Anyone below the age of 18 taking part in a process or playing a role in a process at his/her level, according to their evolving capacities – children and young people thinking for themselves, expressing their views effectively, and interacting in a positive way with other people; involving children in the decisions which affect their lives, the lives of the community and the larger society in which they live.
A broad term to describe philosophies, policies, standards, guidelines and procedures to protect children from both intentional and unintentional harm. In the current context, it applies particularly to the duty of organisations – and individuals associated with those organisations – towards children in their care.
BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED is fully committed to safeguarding the welfare of all children and young people. It recognises its responsibility to take all reasonable steps to promote safe practice and to protect children from harm, abuse and exploitation. BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED acknowledges its duty to act appropriately to any allegations, reports or suspicions of abuse. Paid staff and volunteers will endeavour to work together to encourage the development of an ethos which embraces difference and diversity and respects the rights of children, young people and adults.
The BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED recognises its duty of care under the Children and Young as per Tanzania law and Constitution.
BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED
• The welfare of the child is paramount;
• All children, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin, religious beliefs and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from abuse;
• All suspicions and allegations of abuse should be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately;
• All members and employees of the BLUETANZANITE should be clear on how to respond appropriately
BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED
will ensure that:
• all children will be treated equally and with respect and dignity;
• the welfare of each child will always be put first;
• a balanced relationship based on mutual trust will be built which empowers the children to share in the decision-making process;
• enthusiastic and constructive feedback will be given rather than negative criticism;
• bullying will not be accepted or condoned;
• all adult members of the organisation provide a positive role model for dealing with other people;
• action will be taken to stop any inappropriate verbal or physical behaviour;
• it will keep up-to-date with health & safety legislation;
• it will keep informed of changes in legislation and policies for the protection of children;
• it will undertake relevant development and training;
• it will hold a register of every child involved with the organisation and will retain a contact name and number close at hand in case of emergencies.
The organisation has child protection procedures which accompany this policy. This policy should also be read in conjunction with the Tanzania Child development policy.
1. In keeping with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a child in these policies and procedures is a person under the age of 18 years.
2. Child abuse is defined as an act by parents, caregivers, other adults or older adolescents that endangers a child’s physical or emotional health or development. Child abuse can be a single incident but usually takes place over time. It can happen to male and female children of all ages, ethnicity and social backgrounds, abilities, sexual orientation, religious beliefs and political persuasion.
Child abuse is classified according to four main types:
- Physical abuse: child physical abuse takes place when an adult or older adolescent causes physical injury by punching, hitting, kicking, beating, biting, burning, shaking or otherwise harming a child.
- Sexual abuse: child sexual abuse is any sexual activity between a child and an adult or older person (5 or more years older). Sexual activity includes fondling genitals, masturbation, oral sex, vaginal or anal penetration, fondling of breasts, voyeurism, exhibitionism and exposing or involving the child in pornography. There is also now growing awareness of the issue of child sexual abuse over the Internet which provides increased opportunities for the solicitation of children for abusive or exploitative purposes.
- Emotional abuse: emotional or psychological abuse involves a sustained pattern of verbal abuse and harassment by an adult that results in damage to a child’s self- esteem or social competence. It can take the form of rejecting, threatening, ridiculing, ignoring, intimidating or isolating the child. Exposure to violence can also cause serious psychological harm such as when a child witnesses domestic violence or is directly exposed to the violence of war or major civil conflict.
- Neglect: neglect of a child occurs when there is a consistent pattern of behaviours that involve failure to provide a child’s basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter and supervision to the extent that the child’s health and development are placed at risk. It can also involve abandonment and withholding of necessary medical treatment.
BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED executive staff and managers are responsible for promoting children’s rights and championing the protection of children. Management are responsible for implementation of these policies and procedures and will comply with the Code of Conduct in relation to child protection (set out below).
Particular responsibilities as detailed in the child protection procedures include building child protection awareness, advocacy, rigorous recruitment and screening practices, education and training, sponsorship controls, responding to complaints and allegations, systems and administration.
Executive staff and managers are responsible for promoting child safe messages in their work
including appropriate child‐safe communications on websites, brochures, recruitment
All Representatives are responsible for having a thorough knowledge of these policies and procedures, acting in accordance with them and complying with the staff Code of Conduct.
3. Questions & contacts
Representatives who have questions or concerns or require further information in relation to these policies and procedures should contact their manager or supervisor, or where that is not practicable the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED
- Exploitation and all forms of abuse of children by a Representative constitute acts of gross misconduct and are therefore grounds for immediate termination of the relationship with BLUETANZANITE including dismissal from employment or service;
- Where a Representative develops concerns or suspicions regarding any type of child abuse or exploitation by a fellow worker, whether in the same organisation or not, she/he must report such concerns via the prescribed Bluetanzanite reporting mechanisms.
- Representatives are obliged to create and maintain an environment which prevents exploitation and all forms of abuse of children and promotes positive staff conduct. Managers at all levels have particular responsibilities to support and develop systems that maintain this environment;
- Sexual activity with children (persons under the age of 18) is prohibited regardless of the age of majority or age of consent locally. Mistaken belief in the age of a child is not a defence from the punishment under the Tanzania law
- Sexual relationships between a Representative and a Bluetanzanite beneficiary are also prohibited as they are based on inherently unequal power dynamics. Such relationships undermine the credibility and integrity of humanitarian aid work; and
- Exchange of money, employment, goods, or services for sex, including sexual favours or other forms of humiliating, degrading or exploitative behaviour is prohibited. This includes exchange of assistance that is due to beneficiaries.
Policies in Action
1. Development programs
Children in our developing countries are extremely vulnerable to various forms of abuse and
exploitation ‐ particularly neglect, physical and emotional abuse.
Bluetanzanite Volunteer Charity Limited will support the childrens who are forced to be married during their child wood.
Programs will aim to work directly and indirectly to reduce the risks children face, both from outside and within the family, and these activities will be assessed in the monitoring and evaluation process. Representatives are to receive ongoing training and to be regularly updated on issues relating to child protection.
2. Code of Conduct
All Representatives will conduct themselves in a manner that promotes children’s rights and protects children from harm.
Children are at risk from abuse and neglect from a variety of sources. It is the responsibility of all Representatives to minimise this risk by setting a positive example, identifying and managing potential risks and responding to allegations of abuse. The child protection Code
of Conduct describes the basic expectations of Representatives regarding their contact and dealings with children.
A breach of the Code of Conduct or of BLUETANZANITE child protection procedures are grounds for disciplinary action, may lead to dismissal from employment or service, and may result in legal proceedings. A breach of any of the Principles in this policy is regarded as gross misconduct and will result in dismissal or termination of service.
2.2 Code of Conduct
Representatives will act at all times to ensure children’s safety and protection. Specifically
- Take action to inform themselves and others on the BLUETANZANITE policy and united republic of Tanzania and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child;
- Maintain and promote a safe environment for children to participate in Bluetanzanite activities
- Treat all children and young people with respect;
- Conduct themselves in a manner that is consistent with the values of Bluetanzanite Volunteer Charity Limited.
- Provide a welcoming, inclusive and safe environment for all children, young people, parents, staff and volunteers;
- Respect cultural differences but not follow bad cultural
Belives on childhood marriage and child labour.
- Encourage open communication between all children, young people, parents, staff and volunteers and have children and young people participate in the decisions that affect them;
- Report any concerns of child abuse according to the prescribed BLUETANZANITE procedures;
- At all times be transparent in their actions and whereabouts;
- Take responsibility for ensuring they are accountable and do not place themselves in positions where there is a risk of allegations being made;
- Self‐assess their behaviours, actions, language and relationships with children; and
- Speak up when they observe concerning
behaviours of colleagues. Representatives will not:
- Engage in behaviour that is intended to shame, humiliate, belittle or degrade children;
- Use inappropriate, offensive or discriminatory language when speaking with a child or young person;
- Do things of a personal nature that a child can do for him/herself, such as assistance with toileting or changing clothes;
- Take children to their own home/hotel or sleep in the same classroom
- Smack, hit or physically assault children;
- Develop sexual relationships with children or relationships with children that may be deemed exploitative or abusive;
- Behave provocatively or inappropriately with a child;
- Condone or participate in, behaviour of children that is illegal, unsafe or abusive;
- Act in a way that shows unfair and differential treatment of children;
- Photograph or video a child without the consent of the child and his/her parents, guardians or a senior Bluetanzanite Manager;
- Hold, kiss, cuddle or touch a child in an inappropriate, unnecessary or culturally insensitive way;
A summary of BLUETANZANITE VOLUNTEER CHARITY LIMITED Child Protection screening requirements can be explained well in Volunteer induction and in all daily meeting conducted by Bluetanzanite school headmaster
All people in Bluetanzanite Volunteer Charity Must adhere with all our child protection policy.